Book Review: The Wolf Wilder, Katherine Rundell (2015)

Wednesday, August 26th, 2015

“Stories can start revolutions.”

five out of five stars

(Full disclosure: I received a free electronic ARC for review through Edelweiss. Mild trigger warning for sexual harassment of a minor.)

Humans, on the whole, Feo could take or leave; there was only one person she loved properly, with the sort of fierce pride that gets people into trouble, or prison, or history books.

[A] wolf who cannot howl is like a human who cannot laugh.

Once upon a time, a hundred years ago, there lived a dark and stormy girl. She was wild in spirit and loved fiercely; and no wonder, for she was raised in the company not of humans, but of wolves. They were her friends, her teachers, her pupils, her family – her (almost) everything. And, at the tender age of twelve, this girl and her half-tame friends would go on to lead a revolution.

Feodora Petrovich and her mother Marina live in the Russian wilderness, not too far from Saint Petersburg. Though they’re the only humans for miles, they’re hardly alone – not exactly. The Petrovich family has been wilding wolves for centuries – since the days of Peter the Great, in fact.

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Book Review: A Wolf at the Gate, Mark A. Van Steenwyk & Joel J. Hedstrom (2015)

Wednesday, April 29th, 2015

A Retelling of the Legend of St. Francis and the Wolf of Gubbio

three out of five stars

(Full disclosure: I received a free electronic ARC for review through NetGalley.)

According to legend, the wolf of Gubbio was a lone wolf who terrorized the Umbrian city of Gubbio in 1220. The wolf began by attacking and eating livestock; over time the hostilities escalated, to the point that the wolf was feasting on humans as well, both hunters and innocent civilians alike. The wolf seemed invincible, or close to it, and he so frightened the people of Gubbio that they refused to leave the relative safety of their walls. When St. Francis arrived, the city was effectively under siege.

An Italian Catholic preacher, Saint Francis of Assisi is widely known today as the patron saint of animals and the environment. In this vein, St. Francis is said to have brokered a peace accord between the wolf and the people of Gubbio: if they agreed to feed the wolf, he would stop attacking the city. The oath was widely accepted – even considered a miracle by many – and, upon the wolf’s death, he was granted an honorable burial within the city limits. This site later became home to the Church of Saint Francis of the Peace. During renovations in 1872, the skeleton of a wolf was reportedly uncovered under a slab near the church wall.

A Wolf at the Gate is a retelling of this legend from the wolf’s point of view. Born into royalty, the red wolf (so named for the unusual color of her fur) assumes leadership of her pack upon the death of her parents. Taught to fear and avoid humans at all costs – “They are violent and greedy. They aren’t like any of the other beasts in the forest; they want to own it all.” – the wolf stubbornly ignores her pack’s insistence that they should leave their forest home in search of new lands, lands not yet spoiled by humans. The wolf’s leadership is challenged and she loses. Left alone in the forest, her rage and thirst for vengeance grow.

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Book Review: Witch Child, Celia Rees (2000)

Monday, February 4th, 2013

“Words have power. These are mine.”

four out of five stars

Mary Nuttall was just sixteen years old when her grandmother Eliza – the only family she’d ever known – was murdered. Accused of practicing witchcraft, the old woman was tortured, stripped naked, bound, and “floated” – tossed into a river to sink or swim. Her buoyancy taken as a sure sign of guilt, Eliza was pulled from the water only so that she could be hanged in public. Once trusted to heal their loved ones, Eliza’s friends and neighbors in this rural English town proved eager witnesses to her execution.

Rescued from similar persecution by her long-lost mother, Mary is sent away to the “New World” in search of a better life. She’s to travel with a group of Puritans bound for Salem, where they’ll join their brethren and pastor. Upon arrival, the group is dismayed to discover that their kin have moved on, to the isolated town of Beulah. After much deliberation they decide to follow, forging ahead into the wilderness with two Natives – of the Pennacook tribe – acting as their guides.

Unsurprisingly, Beulah couldn’t be further from the safe haven Mary’s mother envisioned for her child. Ruled by a Puritan preacher so strict and demanding that he proved unwelcome in Salem, Mary is in constant danger, just by virtue of being a newcomer to the community. Though she tries hard to stay under the radar, her “transgressions,” real and imagined – which include befriending members of the opposite sex; spending time alone in the forest to gather food and herbs; harboring anything more than uncharitable thoughts about the “heathen” natives; and proficiency in transcription – don’t escape the notice of Reverend Johnson. When items suggestive of witchcraft are discovered in the forest and several of the town’s teenage girls start exhibiting strange behavior, Mary’s worst fears are realized.

All of this we learn from Mary’s journal, which spans roughly a year from 1659-1660. Urged to burn it by her protector/surrogate mother Martha – its opening sentences (“I am Mary. I am a witch.”) alone being sure proof of guilt – Mary instead hides its pages inside a quilt. Discovered more than three hundred years later by one “Alison Ellman” (one of Mary’s descendents, perhaps), Mary’s journal stands testament to the horrors she and her kind endured.

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Kinship Circle: Due 11/28: Save Gray Wolves From Kill Plan

Thursday, November 27th, 2008

———- Forwarded message ———-
From: Kinship Circle – kinshipcircle [at]
Date: Nov 26, 2008 2:35 PM
Subject: Due 11/28: Save Gray Wolves From Kill Plan


11/25/08: Due 11/28 – Save Gray Wolves From Bush Admin’s Kill Plan

Easily modify letter. Copy/paste it into an email or print letter to fax or mail.


Kinship Circle - 2008-10-15 - Aug-Oct Updates - 13

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She shoots puppies, doesn’t she?

Saturday, October 11th, 2008

Writer-slash-environmentalist Nick Jans gives us an Alaskan’s view of Sarah Palin and her run for the White House.

It’s a great piece – really, I could excerpt the whole damn thing – but this piece in particular is worth noting:

Palin pushed hard, along with sport hunting and guiding interests, to help defeat a ballot initiative that would have stopped the state’s current aerial wolf control program, which had been criticized by the National Academy of Sciences and the National Research Council for flawed science. Now her administration has pointedly refused to respond to repeated public information requests (I’m one of the petitioners, and a potential litigant), regarding the apparently illegal killing of 14 wolf pups at their dens on the Alaska Peninsula this spring by state personnel, including two high-level Department of Fish and Game administrators. A biologist at the scene admitted to an independent wolf scientist that the 6-week-old pups were held down and shot in the head, one by one. This inhumane practice, known as “denning,” has been illegal for 40 years. But a simple request for information on the details of this operation, including to what extent the governor was involved in the decision, has resulted in a typical Palinesque roadblock and a string of untruths.

Sarah Palin, “my friends,” is a “pro-life,” God-fearing evangelical. And yet (according to her and hers), it’s atheists like moi who lack morals.

Anyway, Jans explains how Palin can claim to be a genuine Alaskan while simultaneously working to destroy the land she calls home, vis-à-vis her policy of pillaging the environment, to hell with the consequences:

In the broadest sense, Palin is a poseur. Alaska is too large and culturally diverse (it’s only a bit smaller than the entire lower 48 east of the Mississippi, and once was divided into four time zones) to be summed up by some abstract, romanticized notion. And even if it could be, it sure wouldn’t be symbolized by Palin. “The typical Alaskan? She couldn’t be farther from it,” says Alaska House Minority Leader Beth Kertulla.

Still, Palin is a genuine Alaskan — of a kind. The kind that flowed north in the wake of the ’70s oil boom, Bible Belt politics and attitudes under arm, and transformed this state from a free-thinking, independent bastion of genuine libertarianism and individuality into a reactionary fundamentalist enclave with dollar signs in its eyes and an all-for-me mentality.

Palin’s Alaska is embodied in Wasilla, a blue-collar, sharp-elbowed town of burgeoning big box stores, suburban subdivisions, evangelical pocket churches and car dealerships morphing across the landscape, outward from Anchorage, the state’s urban epicenter. She has lived in Wasilla practically all her life, and even now resides there, the first Alaska executive to eschew the white-pillared mansion in Juneau, down on the Southeast Panhandle.

Go read the whole thing.

Note to the rest of the Salon staff: this is a perfect example of how to criticize a female politician without resorting to misogyny and sexist slurs. It’s the policies, stupid! (As opposed to, you know, the vag-n-mams.)

(Crossposted from.)



Sarah Palin: Christian, Mother, Killer

Wednesday, September 3rd, 2008

Governor Palin is an active promoter of Alaska’s aerial hunting program whereby wolves and bears are shot from the air or chased by airplanes to the point of exhaustion before the pilot lands the plane and a gunner shoots the animals point blank.

* Palin offered a $150 bounty for wolves to entice hunters to kill more wolves in certain parts of the state, with hunters having to present a wolf’s foreleg to collect the bounty.

* She actively opposed a ballot measure campaign seeking to end the aerial hunting of wolves by private hunters and approved a $400,000 state-funded campaign aimed at swaying people’s votes on the issue.

* She also introduced legislation to make it easier to kill wolves and bears and which would have also removed the aerial hunting initiative from the ballot and block the ability of citizens to vote on the issue.

* The Board of Game, which she appoints, has approved the killing of black bear sows with cubs as part of the program and expanded the aerial control programs.

* The media is currently looking into reports that state officials implementing one of the aerial wolf killing programs illegally killed five-week old wolf pups just outside their dens.

Video and talking points via Defenders of Wildlife, who has more.

Kinship Circle: LETTER/ Shot From The Sky: Aerial Wolf Hunts

Tuesday, October 2nd, 2007

———- Forwarded message ———-
From: Kinship Circle – kinshipcircle [at]
Date: Sep 25, 2007 6:29 PM
Subject: LETTER/ Shot From The Sky: Aerial Wolf Hunts


9/25/07: Shot From The Sky – Aerial Wolf Hunts


1. TO: U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (COMMENTS DUE 10/11/07)
2. TO: Alaska Governor Sarah Palin
3. TO: Your U.S. Representative


Help Us End Aerial Hunting of Alaska’s Wolves

Tell the Bush Administration to Protect Gray Wolves!


Urge Congress to End Aerial Gunning of Wolves!

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Defenders of Wildlife & NRDC: Stop the Latest Assault on Our Wolves

Thursday, July 12th, 2007

Two new alerts on proposals that would negatively impact endangered wolf populations in Yellowstone and the Northern Rockies.

First, from Defenders of Wildlife:

Stop the Latest Assault on Our Wolves

The Bush/Cheney Administration has announced two proposals to jumpstart the killing of hundreds of wolves in the Yellowstone area and elsewhere in the Northern Rockies.

Officials in the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service are now seeking public comment on the agency’s proposal to accept Wyoming’s disastrous wolf management plan and to give Idaho and Wyoming vast new powers to kill wolves — even while these magnificent animals remain listed under the Endangered Species Act.

The deadline for comments on these two flawed proposals is Monday, August 6th. Please fill out the form [here] to send your message to the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service right now.

And the Natural Resources Defense Council:

Tell the Bush Administration It Has No License to Kill Wolves!

We must stop the Bush Administration’s plan to declare open season on the wolves of Greater Yellowstone and central Idaho. Once approved, Wyoming and Idaho intend to begin exterminating up to half their gray wolves — by aerial gunning and other cruel methods — as early as this fall.

Submit your Official Citizen Comment, opposing this disastrous plan, before August 6.



Defenders of Wildlife: Howl Out for Governor Richardson’s Southwest Wolf Policy

Tuesday, July 10th, 2007

UPDATE, 7/17/07:

See also: Thank Gov. Bill Richardson for Halting the Mexican Wolf Killing!, from the Center for Biological Diversity.


Via Defenders of Wildlife:

Howl Out for Governor Richardson’s Southwest Wolf Policy

Our Southwest wolves have some pretty powerful enemies — from local anti-wolf zealots who try to kill them to the politicians in Washington, who just weeks ago attempted to end federal wolf recovery efforts in New Mexico and Arizona.

Fortunately, our wolves also have some powerful friends….Late last week, our imperiled wolves found another powerful champion: New Mexico Governor Bill Richardson.

Governor Richardson has announced an immediate suspension of his state’s involvement in the so-called “three strikes” policy on the removal of wolves accused of killing livestock.

Citing deep concerns about the recent escalation in wolf removals, Richardson suspended state involvement in wolf removals pending further investigation and revision of the rules governing wolf removal.

The governor’s announcement comes on the heels of the killing of AF924, the Alpha Female of the Durango Pack who had been implicated in three livestock deaths. Her removal last week by federal agents resulted in conflict between state and federal officials and left the wolf’s pups without a mother.

With just 58 wolves in New Mexico and Arizona, the loss of AF924 — and the possibility that her pups could be lost as well — comes as a major blow to wolf recovery efforts.

Please take a moment right now to thank Governor Richardson for taking a stand for one of the Southwest’s most beloved and imperiled animals. Send your message to the governor online now!



Defenders of Wildlife: Counter the Lies and Help Save Southwest Wolves

Monday, June 25th, 2007

Via Defenders of Wildlife:

Counter the Lies and Help Save Southwest Wolves

Just 59 southwest wolves now remain, and some in Congress want to end federal efforts to save them.

An amendment expected to be offered by Representative Steve Pearce (NM) and would eliminate funding for southwest wolf recovery — completely ending the program and dooming the wolves to extinction.

Help save these rare and beautiful animals. Fill out the form [here] to send an email to your U.S. Representative urging him or her to oppose efforts to end the southwest wolf recovery program.



Center for Biological Diversity: Keep Northern Wolves Protected

Tuesday, May 8th, 2007

Via the Center for Biological Diversity:

Keep Northern Wolves Protected

“Delisting” wolves means taking them off the endangered species list, ostensibly because they are recovered and no longer need its protection. The Fish and Wildlife Service proposes to designate all of Wyoming, Idaho and Montana, plus the eastern third of both Oregon and Washington and a sliver of northern Utah, as a “distinct population segment” region where “recovered” gray wolves would lose their federal protections — even though only about 15 percent of this vast area actually has wolves in it. The rest of the area would be kept wolf-free.

Killing of wolves where they do exist would be increased tremendously. Federal predator control agents using poison, traps and aerial gunning — plus private hunters — would reduce wolves from around 1,300 to 600 or fewer. Any wolves traveling past the wolfless zone surrounding the small surviving population and miraculously wandering to an area outside the “recovered” zone would be subject to additional lethal persecution under proposed “take” permits the federal government would issue neighboring states, such as Colorado.

Will the wolves now living in the Yellowstone National Park region, central Idaho and northwestern Montana survive this plan? Geneticists point out that wolves in each of these three popoulations are largely cut off from each other. Such fragmentation bodes ill for long-term survival.

The gray wolf is not yet recovered in the northern Rocky Mountains, and the designation proposed by Fish and Wildlife Service will imperil the wolves further.

Please send comments by the end of the day on May 9, 2007.



Center for Biological Diversity: Ask Gov. Bill Richardson to Save Mexican Wolves!

Monday, April 9th, 2007

Via the Center for Biological Diversity:

Ask Gov. Bill Richardson to Save Mexican Wolves!

Our government is trapping and shooting endangered Mexican gray wolves to appease the livestock industry. Biologists have condemned the Mexican wolf predator control program as preventing recovery and called for allowing more wolves to stay in the wild, roam freely and raise their pups. The Bush administration has consistently ignored these scientists.

Now, the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service has authorized the trapping or shooting of the alpha pair of the Saddle Pack from the Gila National Forest in New Mexico — soon after shooting another member of the pack from the air in March.

Traps have already been set. If the male isn’t caught within two weeks, he’ll be shot. The female, who is likely pregnant and due to give birth by early May, will be caught alive.

With enough of a public outcry, both wolves can be allowed to stay in the wild and raise their pups together. But first, New Mexico Governor Bill Richardson, a Democratic candidate for President, will have to be persuaded to stand up for the lobo.



Earthjustice: Help Keep Wolves Protected in the Northern Rockies

Thursday, March 29th, 2007

UPDATE, 5/15/07, via the Natural Resources Defense Council:

Over the past 60 days you’ve given wolves a fighting chance against the Bush Administration’s proposal to strip them of their Endangered Species protection and leave them vulnerable to mass killing.

The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service estimates that more than 200,000 citizens registered their opposition to a dangerous plan that could doom up to one half of the wolves in Greater Yellowstone to a cruel and senseless death.

I’m proud to report that NRDC Action Fund supporters like you generated 137,000 of those 200,000 comments!

Thanks to your support, we also made sure that concerned citizens turned out in force at public hearings across the Northern Rockies to testify for wolf protection. Wolf supporters outnumbered opponents at key hearings in Cheyenne, Wyoming and Boise, Idaho, where the wolf faces fierce hostility from state officials.

And the outcry we raised was bolstered by more than 250 scientists, who expressed their own opposition to the Bush Administration proposal.

What’s next? The U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service will review all the comments it has received and will make a decision in about six months on whether or not to maintain protection of the wolf under the Endangered Species Act.

Way to go, guys and gals!


UPDATE, 4/11/07:

Allrighty then…yet another action alert and sample letter, from the Natural Resources Defense Council: Tell the Bush Administration to Protect Gray Wolves!


(More below the fold…)

Defenders of Wildlife: Help Keep Northern Rockies Wolves Protected

Saturday, March 3rd, 2007

UPDATE, 5/18/07, via Defenders of Wildlife:

Thank you for all your hard work over the past several months to save hundreds of wolves in the Greater Yellowstone area and the rest of the Northern Rockies.

All I can say is “wow.”

Last week marked the end of the public comment period on the Bush/Cheney Administration’s plan to eliminate vital Endangered Species Act protections for gray wolves in the greater Yellowstone area and the Northern Rockies — a plan that could spark the worst wolf massacre to occur in the Lower 48 United States in decades.

Defenders asked for your help to save hundreds of wolves in Idaho and Wyoming from certain death, and you answered our call…

* More than 139,000 Defenders activists like you submitted written comments opposing the administration’s plan — generating more than half of all the comments submitted on the proposal.

* Hundreds of wildlife supporters from Idaho, Montana, Oregon, Wyoming, Utah, Colorado and Washington state showed up to bravely testify in person on behalf of common sense wolf management, outnumbering anti-wolf groups at almost every hearing.

* More than 69,000 people have viewed our YouTube video, making it one of the most viewed animal clips on that site.

* More than 8,000 dedicated supporters donated more than $386,000 in the last five months to fund our on-the-ground efforts to protect wolves, providing crucial support for public education, activist mobilization and work with local landowners to prevent unnecessary wolf and livestock loss.

The Fish and Wildlife Service will now consider the public comments on the Bush/Cheney Administration’s proposal to eliminate vital Endangered Species Act protections, with a decision on delisting expected within six months.


UPDATE, 5/1/07, via Defenders of Wildlife:

We have just one week left to prevent the slaughter of hundreds of wolves in the Northern Rockies. Unless we stop them, federal officials could eliminate vital protections for these magnificent animals and spark the biggest wolf massacre in the lower 48 state to occur in decades.

Watch our video online, and then take action to oppose the Bush/Cheney Administration’s proposal to remove protections for wolves, which could lead to the slaughter of wolves in the greater Yellowstone area and the rest of the Northern Rockies.

(More below the fold…)

Defenders of Wildlife: Speak Out for Wolves in the Northern Rockies

Tuesday, January 30th, 2007

Via Defenders of Wildlife:

Speak Out for Wolves in the Northern Rockies

For months, officials in the Bush/Cheney Administration have been threatening to eliminate Endangered Species Protections for imperiled gray wolves in the Northern Rockies.

Yesterday, they made good on their threat, announcing a proposal to end federal protections for wolves in Idaho and Wyoming — two states more concerned with eliminating wolves than managing them.

In Idaho, Governor C.L. “Butch” Otter has called for the elimination of all but about 100 of the state’s estimated 650 wolves, going so far as to tell a group of anti-wolf protestors that he was eager to bid for a chance to kill a wolf himself.

Things aren’t looking any better in nearby Wyoming. That state plans to kill as many as two-thirds of its gray wolves if the animals lose federal protection under the Endangered Species Act.

Last week, the state Senate’s Wildlife Committee approved a bill that would allow unlimited killing of wolves in some wilderness areas. Wolves would remain protected within Yellowstone and Grand Teton National Parks, but could be shot on sight once they wander outside the safety of the national parks.

Handing wolf management responsibilities over to states that are planning wide-spread wolf eradication programs simply makes no sense and does nothing to address the factors that put the wolf on the endangered list to begin with.

The government once allowed our Northern Rocky Mountain wolves to be shot, harassed and poisoned into near extinction. We can’t let that happen again.

Please take action now.



Center for Biological Diversity: Stop the war against the Mexican Wolf!

Saturday, January 20th, 2007

Via the Center for Biological Diversity:

Stop the war against the Mexican Wolf!

Fewer than 10 years ago, the federal government reintroduced Mexican Gray Wolves into Arizona and New Mexico: progeny of the few wolves that survived the government’s six-decade extermination program and that were trapped for captive breeding. The reintroduction was meant to recover and restore to the wild Mexican Wolves after their near extinction from an extermination campaign that included poisoning, trapping, shooting, and den-excavating.

But now the government is again killing Mexican Wolves: locating them by radio collars and shooting them from the air, digging up wolf pups that then don’t survive captivity, trapping wolves and splitting up family packs.

Why is the government doing this? Because the livestock industry successfully pushed for rules and protocols that require such aggressive predator control of wolves in the Southwest, far beyond government violence carried out against wolves or other endangered animals elsewhere. […]

Last month the Center for Biological Diversity sued the Fish and Wildlife Service to save the Mexican Wolf. The lobo also needs your direct help. Please request congressional hearings into this mismanaged program in order to apply added pressure on the Bush administration to stop the war against the Mexican Gray Wolf.



Defenders of Wildlife: Help Stop the Next Wolf Massacre

Thursday, January 4th, 2007

Via Defenders of Wildlife:

Help Stop the Next Wolf Massacre

Federal officials are about to make a big mistake — one that could lead to the killing of hundreds of wolves in the Northern Rockies.

Sometime this month, the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service is expected to release a proposal to strip wolves of crucial Endangered Species Act protections across most of Wyoming and de-list wolves in Idaho, where the state is poised to kill up to 75% of the wolves living in the Lolo district of the Clearwater National Forest.

This proposal could allow the use of aerial gunning and other lethal control methods to kill as many as two-thirds of the wolves in Wyoming and as many as 54 of Idaho’s 65 wolf packs!

Help us prevent the worst massacre of wolves to occur in the lower 48 states in decades. Take action now.



WWF: Stop killing wolves in Switzerland

Thursday, December 14th, 2006

Via the World Wildlife Fund:

Stop killing wolves in Switzerland

Thanks to conservation efforts wolves returned to Switzerland in 1995 after being driven to extinction throughout most of Western Europe at the beginning of the last century.

But the future of the species in Switzerland now hangs in the balance once again.

In late November a wolf, which was reported to have killed around 30 sheep, was shot dead in the Valais region in south western Switzerland. This was the second wolf killed this year, following the shooting of a female in October.

Although the wolf is classified as a ‘strictly protected’ species in Europe, animals can still be killed legally under exceptional circumstances. Yet despite the fact that the Swiss region’s highest court ordered a halt to the cull until a formal decision could be made, the authorities carried out their threat and killed the wolf regardless.

The authorities in Valais have completely failed to promote prevention measures, which can drastically reduce attacks on livestock, and have even ignored advice from their own highest court.

This sets a terrible example, which unless it is challenged, could soon be followed by other regions in Switzerland.

Click here and call on the authorities in Valais to stop killing wolves.

Find out more information about this action here.



Defenders of Wildlife: Stop Wyoming’s War on Wolves

Tuesday, November 21st, 2006

Via Defenders of Wildlife:

Stop Wyoming’s War on Wolves

Wyoming officials have filed a lawsuit to compel the federal government to remove as many as two-thirds of the wolves in the state. If the state wins its case, as many as 200 wolves and their pups could die.

Help stop indiscriminate killing of Wyoming wolves before it starts.

Fill out the form [here] to urge Wyoming Governor Dave Freudenthal and the state’s Attorney General, Patrick J. Crank, to withdraw their lawsuit and get serious about promoting sustainable wolf management in the Northern Rockies.



The Petition Site: Don’t Let Idaho Kill Endangered Wolves

Wednesday, August 16th, 2006

Via The Petition Site and Defenders of Wildlife:

Hundreds of wolves are at risk in Idaho, where in 2001 legislators passed a measure calling for the elimination of wolves “by any means necessary.” The State has recently asked for permission to kill up to 75% of the wolves within the Lolo District of Clearwater National Forest and in an area where they are now protected as an endangered species. And, they want to repeat the slaughter in the Lolo District every year for the next five years.

Most unsettling is that Idaho would like to kill 3 out of 4 wolves regardless of the wolves’ history of interaction with humans and livestock. That means that wolves that have never done anything to harm livestock or people could be killed.

Once hunted, trapped and poisoned to extinction in Idaho, wolves have made a remarkable recovery. An estimated 512 wolves, including 36 breeding packs, are a critical part of Idaho’s ecosystems. And, contrary to anti-wolf extremists’ claims, the wolves are not a significant threat to livestock or game populations.

Help us stop anti-wolf extremists and save the wolves. Urge the U.S. Fish and Wildlife to deny Idaho’s request to kill wolves.